Pada artikel kali ini terdapat 15 butir soal yang dapat teman-teman kerjakan dan dipelajari sebagai latihan untuk persiapan UTBK. Selain itu, pada soal ini terdapat kunci jawaban beserta pembahasannya sehingga mempermudah teman-teman dalam memahami jawaban yang tepat. Semoga bermanfaat :).
Choose the correct answer.
The following text is for questions 1 to 5
As the South was beginning to find itself after the American Civil War, the
North, too, focused its interest on the lands below the Mason- Dixon line.
Northerners swarmed over the South: journalists, agents of prospective
investors, spectators with plants for railroads, writers anxious to expose
themselves to a new environment.
One of these was Constance Fenimore Woolson, a young woman from New Hampshire,
a grandniece of James Fenimore Cooper, who like many Northerners, was drawn to
the unhappy South by affection, compassion, admiration, or the charm of the
life there. With her singular gift of minute observation and a talent for
analysis, her imagination lingered over the wrecked old mansions that stood
nearby, perhaps in ruined rice lands, amid desolated fields and broken dikes.
Such was the dwelling on the Georgia sea island that sidled and leaned in
Jupiter Lights with one of its roofless wings falling into the cellar. After
St. Augustine, Charleston especially attracted Miss. Woolson, crumbling as it
was but aristocratic still.
In a later novel, Horace Chase, one of the best of all her books, she
anticipated Thomas Wolfe in describing Ashevile, in which the young capitalist
from the North who falls in love with the Southern girl sees the “Lone Star”
of future mountain resorts.
Miss Woolson was a high conscious writer, careful, skillful, subtle, with a
sensitive, clairvoyant feeling for human nature, with the gift of
discriminating observation that characterized Howells and Henry James. She was
surely best in her stories of the South, fascinated as she was by its splendor
and carelessness, its tropical plants, flowers, odors and birds, and the
pathos and beauty of the old order as she saw it in decay.
1. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. The Rebuilding of the South
B. Literature After the Civil War
C. Thomas Wolve’s Influence on Woolson
D. Constance Fenimore Woolson and Her Works
E. The Civil War in Europe
2. Which of the followings are NOT mentioned in the passage as the kind of
people who went to the
South after the Civil War?
A. Railroad builders
B. Newspaper writers
C. Northern politicians
D. Investment agents
E. Agents of prospective investors
3. The word “there” in paragraph two refers to
A. Mason- Dixon
B. New Hampshire
C. the North
E. the South
4. The word “minute” in paragraph two is closest in meaning to
5. According to the passage, Constance Fenimore Woolson was originally from
A. St. Augustine
B. New Hampshire
The following text is for questions 6 to 10
Not only the public but other fliers as well as were astonished when Louise
Thaden and her copilot Blanche Noyes won the coveted Bendix Trophy in 1936 –not because the winner
were women, but because they had captured the trophy and $7,000 in prizes in a small stock
biplane rather that a soupedup racer or a large twin-engined machine made for
such long transcontinental hauls.
The plane Louise Thaden flew to victory was no ordinary aircraft, however, but
a sleek triumph of aeronautical design produced by airplane maker Walter
Beech, the Beechcraft Model 17. It was called the Staggerwing because its
lower wing was set forward of the upper wing, unlike most other biplanes,
which had the lower wing set to the rear of the upper. This unusual
arrangement gave the pilot excellent upward visibility and lent the craft a
memorable, forward-thrusting grace, as one aerohistorian wrote, Staggerwings
were “among the most enduringly beautiful airplanes ever made”.
6. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. A Winning Airplane Design
B. Blanche Noye’s Great Victory
C. The First Airplane Pilots
D. The History of the Bendix Thropy
E. An Aeroplane design
7. According to the passage, most people were surprised by the outcome of the
race for Bendix Trophy because
A. a team of women won the contest
B. no one had ever flown a small stock biplane before
C. pilot tended to fly planes with greater engine power in transcontinental
D. $ 7,000 in prizes was a much larger award than had been anticipated
E. There was no copilot in the flight
8. What was the model number of the winning airplane?
9. According to the passage, the name “Staggerwing” was chosen for Walter
Beech’s plane because
A. the bottom wing was set ahead of the top wing
B. the top wing was shorter than the bottom wing
C. the tail had a curved shape
D. it had a large twin engine
E. it didn’t have the bottom wing
10. The word “arrangement” in paragraph two is closest in meaning to
The following text is for questions 11 to 15
One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the Great Pyramid of Giza was a
monument of wisdom and prophecy built as a tomb for a Pharaoh Cheops in 2720
B.C. Despite its antiquity, certain aspects of its construction make it one of
the truly great wonders of the world. The thirteen – acre structure near the
Nile River is a solid mass of stone blocks covered with limestone. Inside are
a number of hidden passageways and the burial chamber for the pharaoh. It is
the largest single structure in the world. The four sides the pyramid are
aligned almost exactly on true north, south, east, and west - an incredible
engineering feat .The ancient Egyptians were sun worshipers and great
astronomers, so computations for the Great Pyramid were based on astronomical
Explorations and detailed examinations of the base of the structure reveal
many intersecting lines. Further scientific study indicates that these
represent a type of timeline of events - past, present and future. Many of the
events have been interpreted and found to coincide with known facts of the
past. Others are prophesied for future generations and are currently under
investigation. Many believe that pyramids have supernatural powers, and this
one is no exception. Some researchers even associate it with extraterrestrial
beings of the ancient past. Was this superstructure made by ordinary beings,
or one built by a race far superior to any known today?
11. What do the intersecting lines in the base symbolize?
A. Architect’s plans for the hidden passages
B. Pathways of the great solar bodies
C. Astrological computations
D. Dates of important events taking place throughout time
E. False prediction
12. What is the best title for the passage?
A. Symbolism of the Great Pyramid
B. Problems with the Constructions of the Great Pyramid
C. Wonders of the Great Pyramid of Giza
D. Exploration of the Burial Chamber of Cheops
E. Symbolism of the Old Cemetery
13. On what did the ancient Egyptians base their calculations?
A. Observation of the celestial bodies
B. Advanced technology
C. Advanced tools of measurement
D. Knowledge of the earth’s surface
E. An equipment
14. Why was the Great Pyramid constructed?
A. As a solar observatory
B. As a tomb for the pharaoh
C. As a public observation
D. As an engineering feat
E. As a religious temple
15. Why is the Great Pyramid of Giza considered one of the seven wonders of
A. It is perfectly aligned with the four cardinal points of the compass and
contains many prophecies
B. It was selected as the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops
C. It was built by a super race
D. It is very old
E. It is ancient building
Jawaban dan Pembahasan
1. Jawaban: D
Judul yang paling sesuai untuk wacana adalah Constance Fenimore Woolson and
Her Works, disimpulkan dari keseluruhan isi wacana.
2. Jawaban: C
Pernyataan yang tidak disebutkan dalam wacana adalah mengenai profesi atau
pekerjaan orang yang bepergian ke bagian selatan setelah perang sipil adalah Northern
politicians, disimpulkan dari paragraph 1 kalimat 2., Northerners swarmed over the South: journalists,
agents of prospective investors, spectators with plans for railroads, writers anxious to expose
themselves to a new environment.
3. Jawaban: E
Kata there pada paragraph kedua kalimat pertama mengacu kepada kata the
4. Jawaban: A
Kata minute pada paragraph kedua kalimat kedua yaitu With her singular gift
of minute observation and a talent for analysis,……mempunyai makna yang sama dengan kata
insignificant= tidak penting, tidak berarti.
5. Jawaban: B
Berdasarkan isi wacana Constance Fenimore Woolsoon berasal dari New
Hampshire, informasi didapat dari paragraph kedua kalimat pertama yaitu One of these was
Constance Fenimore Woolson, a young woman from a New Hampshire….., informasi sudah sangat
6. Jawaban: D
Judul yang paling tepat untuk wacana pada soal adalah The History of the
Bendix Trophy disimpulkan dari keseluruhan isi wacana.
7. Jawaban: D
Berdasarkan wacana banyak orang terkejut dengan hasil perlombaan untuk
mendapatkan Tropy Bendix karena $ 7,000 adalah penghargaan yang sangat besar daripada yang
telah diantisipasi sebelumnya, informasi dapat ditemukan pada paragraph 1.
8. Jawaban: B
The model number atau nomor model pesawat yang menang adalah pesawat 17,
disimpulkan dari paragraph kedua kalimat pertama, informasi sudah sangat jelas.
9. Jawaban: A
Berdasarkan wacana Staggerwing dipilih untuk pesawat Walter Beech’s karena
sayap bawah dibuat sebagai kepala sayap puncak, informasi didapat dari paragraph kedua
kalimat kedua yaitu It was called The Staggerwing because its lower wing was set forward of the
upper wing, unlike most other biplanes, which had the lower wing set to the rear of the upper.
10. Jawaban: E
Kata arrangement pada paragraph 2 kalimat ketiga yaitu This unusual
arrangement gave the pilot upward visibility …….., mempunyai makna yang sama dengan kata preparation=
11. Jawaban: D
The intersecting lines menyimbolkan Dates of important events taking place
throughout time, informasi didapat pada paragraph kedua.
12. Jawaban: C
Judul yang paling sesuai untuk wacana adlah Wonders of the Great Pyramid Of
Giza disimpulkan dari keseluruhan isi wacana.
13. Jawaban: A
Orang-orang mesir kuno dalam cara penghitungan mereka berdasarkan
Observation of the celestial bodies, informasi dapat ditemukan pada paragraph pertama kalimat
14. Jawaban: B
Alasan mengapa The Great Pyramid dibangun? Sebagai sebuah makam atau pusara
untuk raja-raja Firaun = as a tomb for the pharaoh, informasi didapat dari paragraph pertama
15. Jawaban: A
The Great Pyramid Of Giza dianggap sebagai tujuh keajaiban dunia karena
dibangun dengan sempurna yang menggunakan 4 point kardinal dari alat kompas dan mengandung
banyak ramalan/prediksi, informasi didapat dari paragraph ketiga.